Regional Gastrointestinal Consultants

Hemorrhoid Treatment

Hemorrhoid Treatment

How are hemorrhoids treated

Hemorrhoids are a common and bothersome problem affect three out of four people during their lives. Hemorrhoids are veins in your anal area that have become swollen or inflamed. They easily are irritated because of their location, making them prone to bleeding, itching and infection.

Hemorrhoid symptoms usually depend on their location, but common signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids may include:

  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements — you might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet
  • Itching or irritation in your anal region
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Swelling around your anus
  • A lump near your anus, which may be sensitive or painful (may be a thrombosed hemorrhoid)

There are two primary types of hemorrhoids:

  • Internal hemorrhoids. These lie inside the rectum. You usually can’t see or feel these hemorrhoids, and they rarely cause discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can damage a hemorrhoid’s surface and cause it to bleed. Occasionally, straining can push an internal hemorrhoid through the anal opening. This is known as a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid and can cause pain and irritation.
  • External hemorrhoids. These are under the skin around your anus. When irritated, external hemorrhoids can itch or bleed. Hemorrhoid thromboses is when blood pools in an external hemorrhoid and form a clot (thrombus) that can result in severe pain, swelling, inflammation and a hard lump near your anus.

Treating hemorrhoids effectively is can provide rapid relief to discomfort associated with them. If your hemorrhoids produce only mild discomfort, your doctor may suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads. These products contain ingredients, such as with hazel, or hydrocortisone and lidocaine, that can relieve pain and itching, at least temporarily. Don’t use an over-the-counter steroid cream unless recommended by your physician.

In other cases, with more disruptive hemorrhoids Infrared Coagulation (IRC) is one of the most effective treatments for hemorrhoids and is preferred over other methods because it is fast, well-tolerated by patients, and virtually problem-free. Infrared Coagulation works with small probe contacts the area above the hemorrhoid, exposing the tissue to a burst of infrared light for about one second. This coagulates the veins above the hemorrhoid causing it to shrink and recede. Also, laser hemorrhoids treatments use infrared light, a laser or an electrical current with the same efficiency.

What happens During a hemorrhoid infrared coagulation treatment

In the event that your hemorrhoids can be treated with creams or supplements, your gastroenterologist will provide you with the prescription medication that efficiently eliminated your hemorrhoids over two to three weeks, with noticeable results within the first three days. However, if your hemorrhoid requires a surgical your physician will use an anoscope to access the hemorrhoid within the rectum. The infrared coagulation hemorrhoid treatment procedure, you will be sedated and laying on your side. The treatment takes approximately 15 minutes and is painless, though in some cases more than one procedure may be required.

With regards infrared coagulation treatments, the hemorrhoids are literally vaporized. Because of the pin point accuracy of the laser, surrounding tissue can remain unharmed. The laser seals off nerves and tiny blood vessels. This means less bleeding for the patient and less stress on the body when performing the procedure. The benefits of laser hemorrhoid surgery are:

  • A shorter amount of down time, 3-5 days
  • Surrounding tissue is left unharmed
  • Less bleeding, swelling and scarring
  • Less medication is required afterwards
  • Faster healing
  • No stitches

What to expect when you are having a hemorrhoid infrared coagulation treatment

First, when you arrive at our office you will be welcomed by our thoughtful staff and a dedicated team of experts that deliver personalize care. To add to your comfort level, we strive to keep the same physicians and nursing staff with the patient throughout all your appointments at the center. In this way, the staff gets to understand the patient’s concerns and conditions, and you get to know the persons taking care of you on a personal level.

Also, we strive to make your visit as hassle free as possible. We accurately schedule visits in advance, provide convenient onsite parking, and keep your waiting period to an absolute minimum. This is achieved by the fact that no emergency procedures are placed in front of your scheduled time (such as in most hospitals). Also, we do not double book patient appointments, when you are scheduled to be treated that time is assigned only to you.

When undergoing a surgical hemorrhoid treatment, the following will apply to your procedural visit:

  • Before any procedure our staff will meet with you to address any last-minute questions you may have.
  • Do not eat or drink anything after midnight of the eve of your procedure date. Also, the night before the procedure you will need to utilize a enema, which will ensure that the hemorrhoid is clear and accessible. 

  • Prior to the procedure you will get changed into one our fresh medical gowns using our private restrooms, or a private patient changing area.
  • Once you have changed into the medical gown you will relax and laydown on a padded procedure gurney and you will be transported a short distance to our modern operating room.
  • In the operating room, you will meet with your gastroenterologist before your endoscopy to discuss the procedure, if you would like, and thereafter be administered sedation so that the procedure may commence.
    • When being sedated you will receive the highest quality anesthesia, administered by highly experienced professionals who will standby you monitoring your sedation throughout the entire procedure.
  • The procedure itself will take about 15 minutes.
  • After the procedure, you will be brought back into the post anesthesia recovery area where you will relax until the sedation has worn off.
    • After speaking with most patients about their procedure, patients universally comment (paraphrasing of course); “I remember getting changed, laying on the gurney, meeting with my doctor and waking up waiting for the procedure to start”. Once they find out the procedure was completed already, there is usually a couple chuckles they have with our staff.
  • With all that being said, once you are alert from your anesthesia, fully dressed and comfortable, you will meet with your physician to discuss the procedure results, before heading home.
    • A special note, because you will be sedated for the procedure, you will need to have someone to drive you home even after the sedation has initially worn off, though you may feel fine, your reflexes may be slower than usual until the anesthesia is completely out of your system which can take between 1 to 3 hours after the procedure.
  • Also, most patients can return to a normal eating habits immediately after an endoscopic procedure.

The most important thing to remember is not to worry! Our gastroenterologist are highly experienced physicians and we have completed thousands of hemorrhoid treatments, also we supply our gastroenterologist with only the best equipment to increase safety, as well as diagnostic and treatment effectiveness. Last, but certainly not least, please ask any questions you may have of your healthcare team, who will be there for you during and after your procedure, and all of whom are dedicated to ensure you receive the best care possible.

IMPORTANT HEALTH NOTE

We recommend that people experiencing gastrointestinal symptoms do not attempt self-treatment. With many medications being available over the counter, and numerous do-it-yourself online unqualified remedy recommendation, it is natural to consider treating yourself but we highly recommend against this.

If you are experiencing gastrointestinal symptoms you may have a more significant issue than you would expect from the sometimes muted or infrequent symptom you may be experiencing. It is important to keep in mind that is you are having gastrointestinal symptoms or concerns it is best see a doctor to have those symptoms diagnosed and any conditions treated. Also, it is worth noting, that if health conditions do exist, the earlier they are diagnosed and treated, the greater the probability will be to successfully eliminate or manage a present condition, in fact successful outcomes will increase significantly with early detection.

If you have gastrointestinal concerns or are experiencing any gastrointestinal symptoms, please contact us promptly to schedule a consultation with a physician.


DISCLAIMER: PLEASE READ CAREFULLY

The information on this website is to provide general information. In no way, does any of the information provided reflect definitive medical advice and self-diagnoses should not be made based on information obtained online. It is important to consult a best in class physician regarding ANY and ALL symptoms or signs as it may a sign of a serious illness or condition. A thorough consultation and examination should ALWAYS be performed for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Be sure to call a physician or call our office today at (215) 321-4700 to schedule a consultation.